Identifying and Treating an Anxiety Attack: Types and Symptoms Explained

Are you struggling with an anxiety attack? Here’s how to diagnose symptoms, signs, treatments and different types of anxiety.

Treating an Anxiety Attack shutterstock_1150971305-1 (1)
Treating an Anxiety Attack. PHOTO via @Shutterstock

The current state of work, personal relationships, school and the world can all be a cause for an anxiety attack. Do not feel lonely if you have been in recent months.

  • Panic disorder is characterized by recurrent, unexpected panic attacks, as well as fear of experiencing another episode.
  • If you have agoraphobia, you can avoid public places like shopping malls or limited places.
  • Symptoms of a panic attack are more severe than general anxiety.
  • People with GAD are chronic anxiety sufferers, they worry almost all the time.
  • There are many ways for people to manage their anxiety and panic attacks.
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As the world continues to face a historic health and economic crisis, many feel anxious, depressed or uncertain. This is normal.

However, anxiety attacks can be scary if you never have one. Even for those who are, they don’t improve over time. But there are ways to manage episodes like this, especially if you can identify it before an anxiety attack happens.

Symptoms of an anxiety attack.

Common signs and anxiety attack symptoms include.

  1. Restless, injured or on the edge;
  2. Being easily tired;
  3. Difficulty concentrating, or your mind going blank;
  4. Being annoyed;
  5. Having muscle tension;
  6. Difficulty controlling feelings of anxiety;
  7. Having difficulty sleeping or having sleep problems such as drowsiness, restlessness or unsatisfactory sleep.
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The Types of an anxiety attack

Panic attacks or disorder

Panic disorder is characterized by recurrent, unexpected panic attacks, as well as fear of experiencing another episode. 

Agoraphobia, the fear of being somewhere where it is difficult to escape or help in the event of a panic attack can also come with a panic disorder. 

If you have agoraphobia, you can avoid public places like shopping malls or limited places like airplanes.

Sometimes, anxiety can escalate into a panic attack. Symptoms of a panic attack are more severe than general anxiety. They are as follows:

  1. Heartbeat, pulsating heartbeat or accelerated heartbeat
  2. Sweating
  3. Trembling or trembling
  4. Feelings of shortness of breath, shortness of breath or suffocation
  5. Feelings of impending doom
  6. Feelings of out of control.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

If persistent worries and fears distract you from your daily activities, or if you are concerned with the constant feeling that something bad is going to happen, you may suffer from generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). 

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People with GAD are chronic anxiety sufferers, they worry almost all the time, but don’t even know why. GAD-related anxiety is often manifested in physical symptoms such as insomnia, abdominal pain, restlessness, and fatigue.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by unwanted thoughts or behaviours that appear to be uncontrollable or uncontrollable. If you have OCD, you may be overwhelmed by frustrations such as forgetting to turn off the stove or the constant worry of hurting someone. 

You may suffer from uncontrollable compulsions such as washing your hands again and again.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a serious anxiety disorder that can occur after a traumatic or life-threatening event. PTSD can be thought of as a panic attack, and if it does, it rarely goes away. 

Symptoms of PTSD include flashbacks or dreams about the event, extreme alertness, arousal, withdrawal from others, and avoidance of situations that remind you of the event.


There are many ways for people to manage their anxiety and panic attacks. One of the most popular solutions is psychotherapy. This procedure allows you to talk through your concerns and anxieties with a professional therapist.

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Sometimes, the best way to manage your worries is to ask someone to help you divert your thoughts.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is where a therapist teaches you different ways of thinking, behaving and reacting. The ultimate goal is to re-train or modify your brain so that you do not react too negatively to every stressful situation.

However, some people may initially need medication to help with their anxiety. Psychiatrists may prescribe antidepressants, antidepressants, or beta-blockers to help with brain chemistry imbalances.

If you continue to worry for a long time, it is a good idea to contact a psychiatrist as soon as possible.

Read more on anxiety and ways of treating it on the website of the National Mental Health Institute or

Musasi Isaac Christopher

An aspiring Lifestyle blogger who specializes in health, food and restaurant sectors. WhatsApp me on +256759100143.


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